Saman Arfaie Humanities and Social Science
Aspects of Historical Consciousness through the fabric of Akhavan Sales's Literature
Mehdi Akhavan Sales is regarded as one of the most celebrated contemporary poets in modern Persian Literature. My research aims to shed light on Akhavans viewpoint on history and historical consciousness along with its trajectory of development. Namely, I am curious to understand what form historical consciousness is manifested in and whether its development can be described as a linear progression, evolutionary or one marked by abrupt changes. This analysis will examine historical events as early as Irans 1953 coup d’etat (28 Mordad) to post 1979 Iranian Revolution while paying close attention to a selection of his works as sources of collective awareness: Arghanun (1951), Zemestan (1965) and Akhar-e Shahnamah (1959).
Akhavans poetry is eclectic with its epic themes alluding to the style Ferdowsi, the free verse like that of Nimais poetry in the manipulation of rhythm and rhyme and yet being so descriptively symbolic. Because of his intellectual complexity transcending the boundaries of Iran, my analysis would not rely on Akhavans works and that of his contemporaries alone, but would require me to conduct a comparative literature grounded on a thorough examination of various schools of thought in philosophy such as that of the German Idealism (particularly Hegels Lectures on Philosophy of History and Schopenhauer’s magnum opus, The World as Will and Representation ) and Analytic Philosophy (Wittgensteins stance on Ethics). In addition, I will scrutinize these works in a post-structuralist approach by often replacing the author as a primary subject of inquiry and bringing various other sources of literary texts in hopes of finding new perspectives.