Kiran Brar Humanities and Social Science
The Effect of Gender, Education, and Area of Residency on Division of Household Labor in Punjab, India
While the unbalanced sex-based division of labor has been explored in various parts of the developing world, it remains largely unstudied in Punjab (Northwest India). Punjab is a predominantly agricultural society with diverse family organizational forms, including joint and extended families.
I will examine how the division of labor amongst heterosexual couples in Punjab, India is influenced by gender, religion, education, and area of residency. I will conduct 20 in-depth interviews in two cities and two to three rural villages, divided evenly into the following four groups: 1) rural and educated, 2) rural and uneducated, 3) urban and educated, and 4) urban and uneducated. In this research, I will seek to discover how gender, educational attainment, and area of residency affect the division of household labor among heterosexual couples in Punjab.