Eli Wirtschafter Humanities and Social Science
The Social Function of Shakespeare in the Lives of American Audiences as a Cause of the Astor Place Riot of 1849
In 1849, two competing performances of Shakespeare’s Macbeth sparked a deadly riot in New York City. What began as a rivalry between two actorsan American star with a working-class fan base and a British tragedian with an aristocratic followingbecame a conflict over class divisions, British cultural influence, and permitted conduct in the theater. Previous scholarship tends to focus on the two actors, at the expense of understanding what led audiences at the time to invest so heavily in performances of Shakespeare. Using a mix of archival documents and secondary sources, my goal is to place the audience at the center of this real-life drama. What was the social function of attending performances of Shakespeare for antebellum American audiences, and how did audience experiences and expectations lead to the Astor Place Riot?